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Family First Program
Program Qualification

  1. Meet program requirements, among other things indicate break down of expenses and income, ages of all members making up household, highest education completed, occupation, etc. Must agree to participate in a 5 year study advancements of program benefits
  2. Family income must meet poverty level set by the Philippine government of $500 per month for a family of 6. (Or 6,750 Philippine pesos per month.)
  3. Complete annual questioner to track socio-economic development 
  4. Household has no electrical connections to grid.

What specific problem in the world is REEF trying to solve?

REEF is trying to provide economic opportunities for rural families and communities considered low income by the Philippine government  standards  (PSGC, 2010).    

Approximately 70% of the Philippine population lives in rural areas; 40% subsist below the poverty line (Dialog Asia, 2006).

While unemployment is a problem (2.8 million in 2007) and underemployment even more so (7.8 million in 2007). 

Every Filipino owes about PhP 44,000.00. (Debt Quick Stats, Freedom from Debt Coalition).

Who will the Family First program specifically target and what will the program do for them?

The Family First program targets families composed of 3+ children and usually older parents (over 35 years old), who typically live in homes made of bamboo. Cooking and lighting sources are typically wood or kerosene, employment opportunities are limited, and electricity is unreliable at best.

REEF will equip families that live off-grid or can’t afford electrical connection with 300 watts of renewable energy with an inverter, two electric light bulb fixtures with 50 watt LED bulbs, one small energy efficient refrigerator, a two-burner electric stove top unit, and two 12 volt deep cycle batteries.

What does the Family First program hope to achieve?

The Family First Program is built to assist families overcome barriers to health and education with the goal of improving a family’s socio-economic condition. The materials provided afford families 4-6 hours of evening lighting, eliminate indoor air pollution, and the tools to run a small entrepreneurial business. Program efficacy is determined through the collection of detailed family socio-economic information and measured against a baseline, as well as control groups within statistical provincial data. Data will be published in collaboration with USAID, Philippines. 2012 is the target date for program implementation.

Why is Family First program strategies considered unique in its approach to poverty alleviation?

Coal-fired plants are the chief sources of energy, fueling a grid that does not reach 10% of the population, and which suffers frequent interruptions.

The Family First Program is the only known project operating in the Candelaria, Zambales region providing access to light, refrigeration and clean stoves. REEF aims to address concerns of education, health, energy and conservation using a systems approach developed with the individual and communal circumstances in mind.

How much money will this organization need to support the Family First program for the next 12 months? In the year after?

The Family First program installs 3 home systems per year: Y1 costs total $30,022. This includes equipping a family with 300 watts of solar and other items to break the cycle of poverty, balance of systems, travel expenses, equipment and tools, installation and overhead, but does not include any salaried expenses.Y2 costs total $32,546.

REEF’s income is derived from a combination of grants, corporate donation and in-kind grants, social networking, and fundraising and special events.



Patient benefits include:
• Reduced patient care vulnerability through increased electrical system reliability
• Expanded free prescription program beyond indigenous population
• Fewer patient sick days (increased income) due to better diagnostics and improved delivery of medical services.

With savings from lower energy costs that span 40 years, hospitals have option to procure:
• Diagnostic equipment
• Ambulance services
• Water purification treatment equipment
• Emergency operating equipment
• Offer nutritional services to reduce associate issues related to heart disease (poor diet practices have created a society with hypertension, diabetes and high cholesterol), neonatal classes, etc.

Benefits to Community

• Improved air quality, removes petro carbon pollutants from soil and water.
• Reduce global warming gases equivalent to driving 144,128 kilometers.
• Improve local economy with cash infusion of returning Filipino retirees, expats, and tourists by changing the perception of healthcare.

Environmental Benefits

Renewable energy’s contribution to the environment is profound. THE GREEN Hospital Program has the potential to offset coal produced electricity, AND reduce green house gases created by power plants. Gases like sulfuric nitrous acid, when combined with water, produce acid rain, and can seriously hinder rice and other crop production as well as defoliate rain forest cover. Frequently when RE projects are up for consideration another barometer considered is an equivalent of acres of trees planted. The acreage of trees planted is based on the size of the solar PV system. These are GREEN hospital project environmental benefits.

Over the life of Candelaria District Hospital, the solar project would be:
• Planting the equivalent of 6 acres of trees.
• Equivalent removal of 24,815 kilos of Co2
• Equivalent removal 27 kilos of Sulfur Dioxide, and
• Equivalent removal 37 kilos of Nitrous Oxide
• Producing green electricity to the equivalent to 3,900 homes.